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GIZ Sustainable Mobility in China

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We provide news, opinions and reports on policy and technology developments in the transport and mobility sector in China and around the world.

The Chinese State Council released a Work Plan for Controlling Greenhouse Gas Emission during the 13th Five-Year Plan Period (2016-2020) last month. This plan is designed to ensure the completion of the low-carbon development tasks identified in the 13th national five-year plan and to achieve the peaking of carbon dioxide emissions around 2030 and making the best efforts to peak early. The key objectives by 2020 are to lower carbon dioxide emission per GDP unit by 18% of 2015 emission level. By 2020, carbon dioxide emission per turnover unit of commercial truck, coach, and ship will be respectively reduced by 8%, 2.6%, and 7% in comparison to 2015 levels. The carbon dioxide emission of urban passenger transport per unit volume will be reduced by 12.5% compared to 2015. The key measures to be taken to achieve those goals are: 1. Lower carbon emission in the transport industry and save energy…

From 19th to 23rd September 2016 two experts from the Institute for Energy and Environment Research Heidelberg (IFEU) visited the Chinese Vehicle Emission Control Center (VECC) and a number of other Chinese institutions in Beijing in order to promote an international dialogue on transport emission modelling and emission inventory. This visit was part of the Advisory Service of the China National Transport Emission Modelling and Inventory and is a collaboration between the Sino-German Cooperation on Low Carbon Transport project (CLCT) and the Sino-German Climate Partnership project, both funded by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMUB). The objective of this exchange is to share the experience of national transport emission inventory modelling in Germany and Europe with China and to advise VECC on updating the national emission factor database and improving the national transport emission inventory model. The joint work is particularly important as…

A delegation from the Chinese Ministry of Transport (MoT) and its affiliated institutes the Transportation Planning and Research Institute (TPRI), the Academy of Transportation Science, the Waterborne Transport Research Institute and the Research Institute of Highway (RIOH) visited Berlin and Hamburg from October 23rd to 26th in order to gain first-hand experience and exchange on transport and climate change strategies. The Sino-German Cooperation on Low Carbon Transport (CLCT) project, commissioned by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMUB), organized the “Mitigating Climate Change in the Transport Sector” study tour program. Part of the visit was a meeting with BMUB to discuss Germany’s transport and climate action plans and to exchange on national GHG mitigation policies and measures in the transport sector. Through meetings with the Hamburg Port Authority and the Hamburg transport alliance (Hamburger Verkehrsverbund (HVV)), the participants gained an insight into local and mode…

The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH and the China Automotive Technology & Research Center (CATARC) held the  workshop on “Electro-Mobility and Climate Protection” on the 4th of November 2016 in Beijing. The aim was to share and discuss the findings of the project with all partners and stakeholders. More than 50 participants from national and local governments, demonstration cities, research institutions and enterprises attended the event. Since the establishment of the Sino-German Electric Vehicle Strategic Partnership, the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) signed a series of Memorandum of Understandings with Chinese ministries concerning cooperation on e-mobility and climate protection. China and Germany wish to strengthen bilateral exchanges on policies and development strategies as well as to jointly explore the climate protection potential of EVs. Under this cooperation framework, GIZ and CATARC have jointly implemented the Sino-German cooperation project on Electro-Mobility…

As a major global economic driving force, the transport sector –and in particular the automotive sector– has provided employment and shaped technological progress over the course of a century. This is true for Germany as much as it is for China. Daunting climate and environmental concerns have cast a large shadow on this development. The tangible negative impacts of transport such as air pollution, accidents, noise and congestion are more than a nuisance to residents living, working or visiting in Chinas’ megacities, along Chinas’ coastlines and waterways. A less perceptible, yet significant impact is the resulting carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from internal combustion engines burning fossil fuels. The associated negative social, environmental and climatic impacts pose a dilemma for policy makers worldwide. Energy security, climate protection and air quality have to be taken into account as much as economic efficiency, growth and acceptance. Accordingly, the purpose of practical transport policy…

The pressure on policy makers in China to increase the efficiency of freight transport is high. A high dependency of the freight transport sector on imported fuels, major concerns of transport-related air pollution and continuously growing carbon dioxide emissions exacerbate the pressure. Currently, the freight sector is developing towards an unsustainable direction. The modal share of rail transport halved between 2004 and 2014 while the share of road freight transport tripled. Neither waterway nor rail transport are at this stage competitive to the road sector in terms of speed, flexibility, accessibility and reliability. The rail network is utilized to a large extent to transport mass goods such as steel and coal. Both the infrastructure and railway operation of the railway transport are designed to transport bulk rather than provide intermodal solutions for containers. The consequences are severe: the freight transport caught up with the road passenger sector in terms of…

As the largest electric vehicle market worldwide, China has been putting great effort and huge investment in the technological advancement of traction batteries. Lithium serves as the core material for traction batteries of electric vehicles. As the rapid growth of electric vehicles in China causes increasing demand for lithium resources, sustainable and secure supply of this crucial material is put high on the agenda for a long-term strategy in the electric vehicle industry. Jointly hosted by the provincial government of Qinghai, Ministry of Science and Technology, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, and China EV100, the international summit “Lithium Industry, Emerging Ecosystems” was successfully held on 20th June 2016 in the city of Xining, Qinghai province. The province owns the richest lithium reserves in China (77.52% of total reserve countrywide) and its lithium industry development is getting more attention from all stakeholders in the electric vehicle industry. The summit focused…

To tap into the experience of European countries in respect to the most effective complementary policies, GIZ and the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) conducted a study to investigate incentives for electric vehicles (EVs) in the five largest EV markets in Europe, namely Germany, the United Kingdom, France, the Netherlands and Norway. They accounted for 80% of all European EV registrations in 2014. The analysis focuses on fiscal and non-fiscal incentives at the national level and uses ten case studies of European cities and regions to investigate how local governments can complement national incentives. The report was funded by the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) and has been drafted to support the China Electric Vehicles 100 Members known as China EV100, which is a high-level associated organisation dedicated to advancing research, market development, and deployment of electric vehicles in China. BMUB works…

China’s continuous ambitions towards a green transport revolution have shaped the general tenor of a sustainable transport system. Furthermore, financial as well as non-financial incentives have had a notable impact on an expanding green transport network. Despite political efforts, this brought about a rebound in the vehicle-related industry, where the uptake of new energy vehicles has been swift in recent years. However, alternative mobility is still at an embryonic stage and requires further promotional endeavours. Based on the thematic relevance, this years 2nd two-day conference Asia New Energy Vehicle Summit taking place from June 2-3 in Beijing, brought together experts from the industry and research contributing to a more sustainable transport development. Following a thematic structure each speaker was addressing one of the four key topics, starting with Global Status and Tendency of New Energy Vehicle Industry, giving not only a general outlook for future developments of NEVs, but also…

The United Nations Climate Change Conference –COP21– in Paris end of 2015 and the preparations for the 13th Five-Year Plan (FYP) have shaped the discussion on transport policies in China for the last year. In this context, China’s president Xi Jinping announced plans for comprehensive measures to develop a low carbon transport sector within the timeframe of the 13th FYP from 2016-2020. During his opening speech Xi Jinping stated that “China will, on the basis of technological and institutional innovation, adopt new policy measures to improve the industrial mix, build low-carbon energy systems, develop green building and low-carbon transportation, and build a nation-wide carbon emission trading market so as to foster a new pattern of modernisation featuring harmony between man and nature”. Developments in 2015 Before talking about the implications of COP21 and the 13th FYP for China, let us have a brief look at the developments of China’s transport…