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Li Jingzhu

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Li Jingzhu works as Technical Advisor in the Sino-German Cooperation on Low Carbon Transport. She is focusing on freight and logistics with regard to climate protection.

China has been struggling to meet the growing demands of urban delivery. With urban population continuously growing at about 15 million people per year, 58.52% of Chinese citizens now live in cities (up from 36.22% in 2000). At the same time, consumption spending per capita in China has grown by 25% in just 3 years from RMB 18,487 (about EUR 2,370) in 2013 to 23,079RMB (about EUR 2,960) in 2016. A lot of this increased consumption spending has been driving the fast growth of e-commerce, which saw a 60% annual growth (CAGR) for the past 7 years. These developments have provided a boom for logistics companies in China, which saw their express deliveries rise from 9 billion shipments in 2013 to an estimated 40 billion in 2018. However, this development also provides many challenges to both the traffic in the cities as well as the environment. With numbers of both…

Co-authored with Dr. Dominika Kalinowska. Chinese e-tailing revenues have grown from about EUR 33 billion in 2009 to more than EUR 500 billion in 2017, while Germany´s revenues from online shopping have grown from EUR 21.1 billion to about EUR 44 billion in the same amount of time. Without a doubt, online-shopping for all kinds of goods and food has been increasing in most countries and with it the demand in Courier, Express and Parcel (CEP) deliveries, causing major environmental problems and big challenges for the last-mile delivery. Logistics providers are continuously experimenting with different solutions to solve this problem. One very widely adopted workhorse for last mile delivery in China has been the electric 3-wheeler. Being also used for other purposes than CEP delivery, such as for example waste and disposal management, the electric 3-wheelers flood the streets of Chinese cities in unthinkable shapes and applications, playing an indispensable…