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Sandra Retzer

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Sandra Retzer serves as Head of “Sustainable Mobility, Urbanisation and Energy” of GIZ in China. She is responsible for Sino-German policy dialogues and technical cooperation projects in the fields of energy, electro-mobility, low carbon transport and sustainable urbanisation.

China Transport Sector Policy Briefing – August, September 2018 The August/September edition of our China Transport Sector Policy Briefing is here! The Sustainable Transport Team at GIZ in China provides you with a monthly summary of new important policies in China’s transport sector. Please click here to download: China Transport Sector Policy Briefing August, September 2018 In August and September, the Three-Year Blue Sky Action Plan has been refined for the city of Beijing as well as for the aviation sector. The safety of new energy vehicles (NEVs), pollution in maritime transport, testing of intelligent and connected vehicles (ICVs), as well as financing of sustainable transport were high on the agenda these two months. NEV safety, subsidies, phasing out of sales of conventionally fueled vehicles in Hainan, reducing the impact of transport on pollution, ICV testing Beijing intends to reduce total emissions in the transport sector by 30% until 2020…

In 2017, 29 million new vehicles were sold in China – more than in the United States, Japan and India combined. This figure is expected to increase to at least 37 million by 2025, assuming a 3% annual growth rate. Given this vast market potential, the same question comes up time and again within the global automotive industry: What proportion of these vehicles will be so-called Intelligent and Connected Vehicles (ICVs)? China’s determination to become the world’s leading automotive nation is matched by their desire to shape the future of mobility. Together with the rapid increase in New Energy Vehicles (NEVs), the development of its ICV industry lies at the heart of this ambition. After some initial hesitation, China has undertaken numerous steps to accelerate the development of ICVs in 2018. Following recent legislative changes, the adoption of national strategies, as well as improvements in its connectivity-based technologies, it is…

Developments in the field of New Energy Vehicles (NEVs) in China have exceeded all expectations. The Middle Kingdom is by far the largest market for NEVs, with 50 % of global passenger cars being sold here (International Energy Agency (IEA), 2018). The numbers for NEVs are ever increasing: in the first half of 2018, NEV sales already reached 412,000, up from 195,000 vehicles sold in the first half of the previous year (Center for Automotive Management (CAM), 2018). Overall, China has taken a pioneering role in the e-mobility sector, with numerous Chinese cities on their way to having a fully electrified bus fleet by 2020, if not sooner. China’ s quick progress in the electro-mobility field is as much a result of industrial policy considerations as environmental concerns. A comprehensive electro-mobility ecosystem is a foundational aspect of what China regards as a strategic industry in the coming decades, supported by…

China Transport Sector Policy Briefing – July 2018 The July edition of our China Transport Sector Policy Briefing is here! The Sustainable Transport Team at GIZ in China provides you with a monthly summary of new important policies in China’s transport sector. Please click here to download: China Transport Sector Policy Briefing July 2018 This month, the government further stressed the promotion of new energy vehicles (NEVs) and the production and recycling of batteries, next to new regulations on emission reduction, adjustments of transportation structure and increased energy efficiency in the transportation industry. NEVs, batteries, emission reduction, transportation structure and energy efficiency in the transport industry In July 2018, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang presented the “Three-Year Action Plan on Defending the Blue Sky”. It aims at a reduction of emissions and an improvement of air quality, especially in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (Jing-Jin-Ji) region, the Yangtze River Delta, and the Yan-Ping Plain…

Zhongguancun. That is the name of the district in the north-west of Beijing, where more than a dozen billion-dollar “unicorn” startups set up their offices in the midst of a series of software parks. From here, Chinese entrepreneurs are seeking to revolutionize the way we communicate, exercise, shop and – get from A to B. The latter mission has been taken up by Jean Liu, President of Didi Chuxing, the world’s largest ride-hailing service. Originally founded in 2012 as “Didi Dache” and renamed to “Didi Chuxing” after a merger with “Kuaidi Dache” in 2015, the company is best known to many as the Chinese Uber. Didi versus Uber Yet, that comparison fails to capture both the scale of Didi’s success as well as the scope of its business. Even though it is (so far) little known outside of China, Didi is much more than just another ride-hailing company in the…

In January 2018, China’s top economic planner, the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), set out ambitious targets for the development of Intelligent and Connected Vehicles (ICV) in its Draft Strategy for Innovation and Development of Intelligent Vehicles. Amongst others, the Chinese government aims for intelligent vehicles to account for 50% of all new cars sold in the country by 2020. To contribute to the realization of these goals, the Shenzhen Municipal Government together with China EV100 and the Green and Low-Carbon Development Foundation (GDF) launched the Greater Bay Area Intelligent Vehicle Eco-Partnership (GIVE) during the Global Intelligent Vehicle Summit on 20. June 2018 in Shenzhen. The objective of this high-level platform is to accelerate the formation of the ICV industry ecosystem in the Greater Bay Area (GBA), which encompasses Hong Kong, Macau as well as the province of Guangdong. The GBA not only features a combined GDP of $1.3…

The new China Transport Sector Policy Briefing is here! In our new China Transport Sector Policy Briefing, the Sustainable Transport Team at GIZ in China provides you with a monthly summary of new important policies in China’s transport sector. Please click here to download: Transport Sector Policy Briefing – June 2018 This month, it is all about Intelligent and Connected Vehicles (ICVs), regulations for road safety, car-hailing, the fight against air and environmental pollution, and the future of electro-mobility. ICVs, road safety, car-hailing, pollution, and the future of electro-mobility Since Chinese Premier Li Keqiang visited Toyota in Japan, Chinese ministries have started to take a closer look at hydrogen. Numerous events on the topic have been held and the Provincial Government of Guangdong already suggested more support for innovations in the New Energy Vehicle (NEV) industry. But not only hydrogen, batteries have also received a lot of attention. After Shenzhen’s…

The electric vehicle (EV) industry is one of the priority areas identified in the “Made in China 2025” strategy and the targets are ambitious: by 2025, China aims to achieve a 20% share of EVs in new vehicles sold, up from 3% in 2017. China’s success in the EV industry is tied to several factors, one of the most important being the development of the (lithium) battery industry. Currently, the battery accounts for up to half of the production cost of an EV and with the global push for electro-mobility, analysts predict that the battery market is set to grow at a rapid pace in the coming years. It is thus not surprising that fierce global competition in this industry is already under way. Chinese champions such as Build Your Dreams (BYD) and Contemporary Amperex Technology Co. Limited (CATL) are benefiting from the rapid development of electro-mobility in China and…

The transport sector represents the biggest challenge for climate policy The German government has set the target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 80-95% by 2050 (reference year: 1990). To achieve this requires complete decarbonization, which means largely giving up the burning of fossils. All sectors must contribute to this transition. While many sectors have seen major emissions reductions in recent years, the transport sector, which accounts for almost one-fifth of greenhouse gas emissions, has shown a slight increase (see Figure 1). The major contributor to this rise is road transport due to increases in demand for transport, engine performance and vehicle weight since 1990, offsetting any improvements to efficiency over the same period. The German government’s Climate Action Plan 2050 includes the ambitious medium-term goal of a 40-42% reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in transport sector by 2030. Heated political and juristic discussions are currently underway in German cities…

At the invitation of China EV100, one of the most influential think tanks in China’s automobile industry, the 2018 Global Intelligent Vehicle (GIV) Summit was held in Shenzhen from June 20th to June 21st. Over the course of two days, numerous high-level participants from government, the automotive industry and academia gathered in China’s technology hub to share and discuss their insights on the future of Intelligent and Connected Vehicles (ICV). Overall, the participants projected a strong sense of confidence that China can not only keep up with the rest of the world, but in fact take the lead in the field of ICV in the coming years. This sentiment was underpinned through numbers presented by Mr. Xu Changming, Deputy Director General of the PRC State Information Center, a government think tank affiliated with the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC). According to the estimates of the State Information Centre, ICV sales…