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Green Logistics

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Co-authored with Dr. Dominika Kalinowska. Chinese e-tailing revenues have grown from about EUR 33 billion in 2009 to more than EUR 500 billion in 2017, while Germany´s revenues from online shopping have grown from EUR 21.1 billion to about EUR 44 billion in the same amount of time. Without a doubt, online-shopping for all kinds of goods and food has been increasing in most countries and with it the demand in Courier, Express and Parcel (CEP) deliveries, causing major environmental problems and big challenges for the last-mile delivery. Logistics providers are continuously experimenting with different solutions to solve this problem. One very widely adopted workhorse for last mile delivery in China has been the electric 3-wheeler. Being also used for other purposes than CEP delivery, such as for example waste and disposal management, the electric 3-wheelers flood the streets of Chinese cities in unthinkable shapes and applications, playing an indispensable…