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Chinas rapidly changing structures and society challenge its sustainable urban development. Considering this, the study tour on low carbon urban development had a special focus on experiences on post-industrialisation processes and the structural reform in Germany. During two weeks in October, it provided an in-depth understanding of the German approaches towards climate protection strategies at city level and the national framework for low carbon urban development in Germany. The study tour was organised by GIZ on behalf of Energy Foundation for the National Academy of the Mayors of China, co-financed by Stiftung Mercator and carried out under Component 2 Low Carbon Development in the Transport Sector of the Sino-German Climate Change Programme. The study tour started in Germany’s largest city and capital Berlin, which has changed noticeably due to the German reunification in 1990. Urban development and transition processes were examined further in North-Rhine Westphalia, centred on the polycentric Rhine-Ruhr…

Friday, 29th November 2013 GIZ organised an international exchange workshop between Beijing’s Transport Authorities and international experts on an intended white paper “Opportunities and Challenges for Beijing Transport Development”. The new white paper, issued by Beijing Municipal Committee of Transport (BMCT) is planned to cover the new challenges emerging from the continuous growth of Beijing and the consequently increasing travel demand. During the meeting BTRC gave a presentation about the main challenges addressed in the white paper. The first topic addressed was the road usage rate. Zhou Ling of BTRCs Strategy Department emphasised that Beijing has not only a higher vehicle ownership in its central areas than most other cities worldwide, but also twice as much car kilometres travelled than for example Tokyo. Most striking, 44% of the trips are below 5 kilometres and could therefore be easily replaced by cycling or public transport. That could also relief the cities…

3 years after implementing the vehicle lottery system in 2011, the municipal government of Beijing released a revised version of the license plate lottery scheme for 2014-2017 last Thursday (28.11.2013). According to the new plan, the license plate quota will be reduced from 240,000 to 150,000 new licenses per year. Newly introduced is a quota for new energy vehicles (NEVs, currently so called new energy vehicles only refer to full electric vehicles), that will be increased from 20,000 in  2014 to 60,000 in 2017. Additionally to the quota changes, the lottery cycle will be changed to every two months, effective from February 2014 onwards. The table below shows the yearly license plate quota for 2014-2017 Year Regular gasoline car NEV Total 2014 130,000 20,000 150,000 2015 120,000 30,000 150,000 2016 90,000 60,000 150,000 2017 90,000 60,000 150,000 Total 430,000 170,000 600,000 So far the plan does not  introduce a license…

Using so called green tyres can save up to 7% energy and therefore reduce the environmental impact and cut operation cost, as was explained at the Sino-German Conference on Application of Green Tyres in Road Transport. The conference was hosted by GIZ jointly with the Department of Road Transport of Ministry of Transport as a side event of the second biggest logistics fare in the world, the 15th Shenzhen International Logistics Fare. Being open to everyone, officials as well as businessmen attended the conference. With the Tyre Labelling Regulation 1222/2009 the EU has pointed out a way towards more energy saving tyres. As Brigitta Worringen of the German Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development (BMVBS) explained, it enables customers to understand tyre’s safety qualities, fuel efficiency and noise levels at a glance. But the conference was going beyond just saving energy while driving. Xu Xioadan of the Chinese…

A rapid growth in transport demand and related Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions become a growing challenge for China. To reduce the dependency on oil and to protect the environment, the country’s government promotes electric vehicles. But as Chinas power market is still relying on fossil fuels, the environmental impacts of electric mobility remain uncertain. As more electric vehicles mean a higher power demand, it is essential to understand the interaction with the power sector. To gain comprehensive insights into the Chinese electricity market a workshop was carried out to evaluate the status quo and future development of the power generation system in China. As a result the potential interactions between electric mobility and power sector were identified. Having had inputs from Chinese, as well as German expert the workshop provided interesting insights into the electricity sectors of China and Germany against the background of the introduction of EVs. Although the…

Not only in China but in all developing countries, the transport sectors share of greenhouse gas emission is growing rapidly. Therefore, this year’s Transport Day, a side event to COP 19 in Warsaw, Poland on 17th November 2013, aims to bring together the expert communities from both, the climate and the transport sector. With a promotion of an integration of transport in climate change policy making, the sector can be placed more prominent in the international debate. The event is organised by the Bridging the Gap Initiative (BtG) and the Partnership on Sustainable, Low Carbon Transport (SLoCaT). Daniel Bongardt of GIZ China is in charge of coordinating the stream of break-out sessions on Ensuring effective transport – Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs). Before Transport Day, GIZ TRANSfer project will host an expert workshop Towards Roadmaps for MRV of Transport NAMAs on 15th November 2013. The workshop will be the kick-off…

On days of continuous and serious air pollution, 80 percent of public vehicles and half of private cars will be banned from Beijing’s roads, the city’s government said on Thursday according to a report of China Daily. When serious air pollution (AQI above 300) is expected to linger for three or more days, bans are to be alternately applied to cars with either odd or even license numbers. On those days, public transportation services will extend their service hours by 30 minutes. The situation is comparable to the seventies in Germany, when the government needed to release strict limiting values for industry and traffic emissions to combat smog and pollution. Leading to the emission act of 1973, the later chancellor of Germany Willy Brandt had requested in a speech in 1962 already that the sky above the Ruhr Region needed to get blue again. On January 18th, 1985, the first…

Gaining plausible knowledge on travel demand data is crucial factor for the calculation of transportation-related energy consumption and GHG emissions. However, the level of understanding of travel demand related issues in China is relatively limited due to lack of data and the relatively short motorization history of China. Moreover, projections of future vehicle use in China are also not adequately addressed. Therefore, GIZ organised a Technical Workshop on Travel Demand in China – Past trends and future development that aimed to gain expert inputs on the current status as well as forecasts of the future travel demand of China’s transport sector on a national level. It provided in-depth insights into the issue of travel demand data and methodologies in China. Chinese and international experts discussed impact factors and their effects on future travel demand, presented existing research activities and identified necessary tasks for the future. Moreover, they outlined challenges related…

As part of their green logistics project GIZ jointly organized a study tour for Chinese government officials to Germany with the Chinese Ministry of Transport in July 2013. The aim of this study tour was to introduce best practice examples of logistic cooperation and freight villages to the delegates in order to enable them to review existing procedures in terms of climate impacts as well as to develop new specifications in the field of logistics. After a successful study tour in September 2012 on the potential of cooperation of small and medium size enterprises in logistics the Ministry of Transport had made cooperation a key measure to increase the energy efficiency in the sector. Since more than 90% of the logistics companies are small and medium sized, increasing their energy efficiency is the sectors crucial challenge. During the study tour the delegates got an in-depth understanding of energy efficiency in…

During the national Energy-Saving Publicity Week GIZ has jointly held an Eco-Driving Training with the Jiangsu Transport Administration Bureau from 17th June to 19th June 2013 in Wuxi Jiangsu Province. Jiangsu Province is a model region for Eco-Drive-Training in China. The aim of the so called TTT-Training (“Train the trainers”) is to spread the knowledge and experiences of eco-driving. Its 90 participants were selected trainers from 18 regions of the province, who were trained by two Swedish trainers from Scania in two sections. The theoretical part included topics such as driving behavior and climate change; factors for fuel consumption, general functioning of a lorry; and eco and safe-driving techniques. During the practical part participants applied the lessons learnt and tried them directly on the lorry. In general, it is estimated that at least a 5 to 10 percent reduction of fuel consumption and CO2 emissions is achievable by using eco-driving…