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China Transport Sector Policy Briefing – 2019, Issue 2 The newest issue of our China Transport Sector Policy Briefing is here! The Sustainable Mobility Team at GIZ in China provides you with regular summaries of important policies in China’s transport sector. Please click here to download: China Transport Sector Policy Briefing Issue 2 2019 World’s first  EV energy consumption standards, stricter emissions standards, pollution control of diesel trucks, shift from road to rail China has unveiled the world’s first technical standards on energy consumption of electric vehicles (EV). The national standards specify the energy consumption limits for different types of EVs, according to the State Administration for Market Regulation (SAMR) and the Standardization Administration of China (SAC). This standard is aiming to accelerate the process of implementing energy-saving technologies as well as to facilitate the reduction of energy consumption, in order to achieve energy-saving targets and to encourage a sustainable…

The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH and the China Automotive Technology & Research Center (CATARC) held the  workshop on “Electro-Mobility and Climate Protection” on the 4th of November 2016 in Beijing. The aim was to share and discuss the findings of the project with all partners and stakeholders. More than 50 participants from national and local governments, demonstration cities, research institutions and enterprises attended the event. Since the establishment of the Sino-German Electric Vehicle Strategic Partnership, the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) signed a series of Memorandum of Understandings with Chinese ministries concerning cooperation on e-mobility and climate protection. China and Germany wish to strengthen bilateral exchanges on policies and development strategies as well as to jointly explore the climate protection potential of EVs. Under this cooperation framework, GIZ and CATARC have jointly implemented the Sino-German cooperation project on Electro-Mobility…

The transport sector is responsible for a great share of energy consumption, which directly correlates with the emission of polluting greenhouse gases (GHG) and therefore indirectly with climate change. Within this scope, road freight transportation accounts for the largest share of total GHG emissions from transport. In Europe, in 2010, transport sector was responsible for 33 % of final energy consumption and 26 % of greenhouse gas emissions. Correlating, road transportation accounted for 72 % of total GHG emissions from transport. In China, in 2013, 14.19 million commercial road freight vehicles carried a total volume of 30.7 billion tonnes of freight with a turnover volume of 55.7 trillion ton kilometres. All of these figures grew with annual rates of over 10 % in the last years in China. Projections suggest that due to the development in e-commerce and globalisation road freight transport will increase significantly in the next few years. As a consequence of…

Air pollution, congestion, traffic accidents – the list of negative effects of the constantly growing volume of vehicle traffic in Beijing is long. Despite several policies that restrict vehicle registration and usage, between 2010 and 2014 alone the number of private passenger cars in the Chinese capital Beijing grew from 4.5 to 5.6 million vehicles. This makes transport also a major contributor to greenhouse gas emissions. But during the same time the vehicle fleet growth rate also lowered from ten to three percent annually demonstrating some first success of urban transport policies in Beijing. One promising approach to reduce emissions is transport demand management (TDM) attempting to control demand through measures to reduce the need to travel by car (avoid) and move car drivers to sustainable modes (shift). It is an integral part of sustainable urban transport strategies and is complementary to better urban planning and clean vehicles. With the…

With the Clean Air Action Plan of 2013 Beijing started the discussion on introducing congestion charging to reduce traffic volume, relieve congestion and subsequently transport related air pollution. With the support of GIZ, the Beijing Transportation Research Centre modelled the impact of different congestion charging policy schemes. While Beijing is still discussing the feasibility of congestion charging, few prominent cities around the world have implemented it. Stockholm, London, Singapore, Milan are some of the cities that are currently operating a congestion charging scheme as an economic instrument to reduce congestion and its detrimental effects. Forty years after its first implementation, congestion charging remains a highly underused policy, even if implemented policies have shown to be highly successful. The international experts involved in assessing the congestion charging policy for Beijing have summarised their experience with congestion charging in a policy guide. The guide attempts to address the two main reasons why…

After the success of the Urban Transport Development Forum in early March, the exchange on low carbon transport between Chinese and international experts continued during a two-day conference and training in Beijing. On April 20th-21st, the Chinese Ministry of Transport, the World Bank and GIZ jointly organized the “Transport Emission Reduction Strategies and Quantification Conference and Training”. The two-day conference and training was split into four main sessions with different focuses: 1) Strategies of transport energy saving and emission reductions 2) Policies and measures of developing low carbon transport 3) Impact of new energy busses on energy savings and emission reductions; 4) Emission modelling and quantifications in transport sector. In the first session, beside the presentation on development of international low carbon transport by Fang Ke from World Bank and China national scenarios of low carbon transport by Huang Quansheng from Transport Planning and Research Institute under the Chinese Ministry…