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GHG Quantification

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GIZ in China has been working with the Chinese cities of Shenzhen and Foshan since 2012 on low-carbon transportation. From April 9 to 10, two GIZ experts (Dr. Christoph Nedopil and Shengyang Sun) and Benedikt Notter from INFRAS, a consultancy and engineering company based in Switzerland, travelled to Shenzhen to work with the Shenzhen Urban Transport Planning Center (SUTPC) on improving the accounting of greenhouse gases from road transportation in Shenzhen. In order to understand traffic flows, SUTPC currently collects about 750 million records of big data daily to monitor traffic flow (see also our interview with SUPTC about big data here). However, more information is necessary to quantify emissions from driving, which depend, amongst others, on the type of vehicle or whether a vehicle is stuck in a traffic jams or is driving at high-speeds. Thus, SUPTC has recorded about 7,000 hours of very detailed driving cycles from trucks…

The development of electric vehicles (EVs, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and battery electric vehicles (BEVs)) could enhance fuel diversity and utilise renewable energy, which is considered a promising, long-term solution to reduce high dependence on fossil fuels and alleviate climate change impacts from a global perspective. In addition, EV deployment is considered capable of improving urban air quality by reducing on-road emissions for traffic-populated areas. Chinese policymakers are aware of the potential environmental benefits of EVs in lessening urban atmospheric pollution. Decade-long discussions regarding whether fleet electrification can deliver actual environmental benefits on a regional scale have been heated during recent years. Life cycle assessment (LCA) methods were applied to determine the well-to-wheels (WTW) reduction benefits of energy consumption and emissions of greenhouse gases and air pollutants through electro-mobility. During the initial phase of the project, the full life cycle energy consumption and emissions of CO2 and major air…

From 19th to 23rd September 2016 two experts from the Institute for Energy and Environment Research Heidelberg (IFEU) visited the Chinese Vehicle Emission Control Center (VECC) and a number of other Chinese institutions in Beijing in order to promote an international dialogue on transport emission modelling and emission inventory. This visit was part of the Advisory Service of the China National Transport Emission Modelling and Inventory and is a collaboration between the Sino-German Cooperation on Low Carbon Transport project (CLCT) and the Sino-German Climate Partnership project, both funded by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMUB). The objective of this exchange is to share the experience of national transport emission inventory modelling in Germany and Europe with China and to advise VECC on updating the national emission factor database and improving the national transport emission inventory model. The joint work is particularly important as…

A delegation from the Chinese Ministry of Transport (MoT) and its affiliated institutes the Transportation Planning and Research Institute (TPRI), the Academy of Transportation Science, the Waterborne Transport Research Institute and the Research Institute of Highway (RIOH) visited Berlin and Hamburg from October 23rd to 26th in order to gain first-hand experience and exchange on transport and climate change strategies. The Sino-German Cooperation on Low Carbon Transport (CLCT) project, commissioned by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMUB), organized the “Mitigating Climate Change in the Transport Sector” study tour program. Part of the visit was a meeting with BMUB to discuss Germany’s transport and climate action plans and to exchange on national GHG mitigation policies and measures in the transport sector. Through meetings with the Hamburg Port Authority and the Hamburg transport alliance (Hamburger Verkehrsverbund (HVV)), the participants gained an insight into local and mode…

In order to enable environmental authorities in Chinese cities to generate a regular emissions inventory of the transport sector, GIZ China published the guide “Monitoring Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions of Transport Activities in Chinese Cities – A Step-by-Step Guide to Data Collection”. The report was developed as an output for the TRANSfer project, which is implemented by GIZ and financed by the International Climate Initiative of the German Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conversation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB). The guide provides a detailed approach for setting-up an emission monitoring system for urban passenger transport. Sensitive to both, the local traffic situations and data availability, the guide outlines three different approaches to calculate transport activities: The basic approach: Initial start on GHG monitoring. Calculations are mainly based on non-local default values but already allow a reasonable understanding of the sector; The advanced approach: Calculations are done with locally specific parameters…

Air pollution, congestion, traffic accidents – the list of negative effects of the constantly growing volume of vehicle traffic in Beijing is long. Despite several policies that restrict vehicle registration and usage, between 2010 and 2014 alone the number of private passenger cars in the Chinese capital Beijing grew from 4.5 to 5.6 million vehicles. This makes transport also a major contributor to greenhouse gas emissions. But during the same time the vehicle fleet growth rate also lowered from ten to three percent annually demonstrating some first success of urban transport policies in Beijing. One promising approach to reduce emissions is transport demand management (TDM) attempting to control demand through measures to reduce the need to travel by car (avoid) and move car drivers to sustainable modes (shift). It is an integral part of sustainable urban transport strategies and is complementary to better urban planning and clean vehicles. With the…

After the success of the Urban Transport Development Forum in early March, the exchange on low carbon transport between Chinese and international experts continued during a two-day conference and training in Beijing. On April 20th-21st, the Chinese Ministry of Transport, the World Bank and GIZ jointly organized the “Transport Emission Reduction Strategies and Quantification Conference and Training”. The two-day conference and training was split into four main sessions with different focuses: 1) Strategies of transport energy saving and emission reductions 2) Policies and measures of developing low carbon transport 3) Impact of new energy busses on energy savings and emission reductions; 4) Emission modelling and quantifications in transport sector. In the first session, beside the presentation on development of international low carbon transport by Fang Ke from World Bank and China national scenarios of low carbon transport by Huang Quansheng from Transport Planning and Research Institute under the Chinese Ministry…