Tag

Low Carbon Transport

Browsing

China Transport Sector Policy Briefing – 2019, Issue 1 The newest issue of our China Transport Sector Policy Briefing is here! The Sustainable Mobility Team at GIZ in China provides you with regular summaries of new important policies in China’s transport sector. Please click here to download: China Transport Sector Policy Briefing Issue 1 2019 In the beginning of 2019, the Chinese government is planning to strengthen China’s automotive industry, with a focus on ICV and NEV industries, while curbing pollution caused by diesel trucks. Strengthening the automotive industries, restrictions over diesel trucks Based on the “Implementation Plan on Improving and Promoting the Consumption System (2018-2020)”, NDRC on 29 January 2019 released an “Implementation Scheme on Supply-Side Measures for Further Promoting Steady Growth of Consumption and Forming a Robust Domestic Market (2019)”. The scheme sets forth a series of measures to stimulate consumption and to upgrade the industry structure in…

Co-authored with Sandra Retzer. Over the past decades, the People’s Republic of China not only underwent rapid urbanization and an impressive socio-economic transformation but also a tremendous de­velopment of its transport infrastructure. Today China has the longest high-speed railway network and has just brought its 350 km/h Fuxing (复兴 – renaissance) bullet train back on line, connecting Beijing and Shanghai (1,300km) with just four and a half hours of travel time. The same impressive de­velopment counts equally for the expansion of China`s high­way, aviation, shipping and public urban transport system. However, along with progress came challenges. Today, the transport sector is also associated with traffic congestion and clogged cities, this accounts for the high shares of carbon emissions and is a significant source of noise and (urban) air pollution with up to 30 percent shares of particulate matters in some of the big cities. The Chinese government is aware of…

On June 26th, 2017, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, together with the Royal Norwegian Embassy to China and the China Carbon Forum co-organised an event titled “Mitigating transport emissions: European and Chinese perspectives”. The event was part of the China Low Carbon Leadership Network (LCLN), an event series jointly organized by GIZ and the China Carbon Forum since 2010, aiming to encourage communication among leading local and international experts in China’s climate change sector. The event was opened with a keynote speech by Mr. Vidar Helgesen, the Norwegian Minister for Climate and Environment. Mr. Helgesen began with pointing out that decarbonisation of the transport sector in Norway is a very pressing issue, given the fact that it accounts for about a quarter of Norway’s energy-related greenhouse gas emissions. The transport sector also contributes to local air quality problems, while road traffic poses as a major source of micro-plastic…

Facing rapid urbanisation and economic growth in the last decades, the transport sector has become the fastest growing consumer of fossil fuels and the fastest growing source of GHG emissions in China. At the same time, the Chinese government has addressed the topic of climate protection as an increasingly important policy issue over the past years. Now, strong capacities have to be built in the relevant institutions at national, provincial and municipal level to develop, implement and monitor strategies, policies and measures to mitigate climate change. Together with the local implementation partner, the China Academy of Transportation Sciences (CATS), one of the leading think tanks of China’s Ministry of Transport (MoT), the Sino-German cooperation on Low Carbon Transport (CLCT) project, implemented by GIZ, is conducting a study on a roadmap for China’s low carbon transport development and scenario evaluation. The study is funded by the International Climate Initiative (IKI) of the…

The United Nations Climate Change Conference –COP21– in Paris end of 2015 and the preparations for the 13th Five-Year Plan (FYP) have shaped the discussion on transport policies in China for the last year. In this context, China’s president Xi Jinping announced plans for comprehensive measures to develop a low carbon transport sector within the timeframe of the 13th FYP from 2016-2020. During his opening speech Xi Jinping stated that “China will, on the basis of technological and institutional innovation, adopt new policy measures to improve the industrial mix, build low-carbon energy systems, develop green building and low-carbon transportation, and build a nation-wide carbon emission trading market so as to foster a new pattern of modernisation featuring harmony between man and nature”. Developments in 2015 Before talking about the implications of COP21 and the 13th FYP for China, let us have a brief look at the developments of China’s transport…

The transport sector is responsible for a great share of energy consumption, which directly correlates with the emission of polluting greenhouse gases (GHG) and therefore indirectly with climate change. Within this scope, road freight transportation accounts for the largest share of total GHG emissions from transport. In Europe, in 2010, transport sector was responsible for 33 % of final energy consumption and 26 % of greenhouse gas emissions. Correlating, road transportation accounted for 72 % of total GHG emissions from transport. In China, in 2013, 14.19 million commercial road freight vehicles carried a total volume of 30.7 billion tonnes of freight with a turnover volume of 55.7 trillion ton kilometres. All of these figures grew with annual rates of over 10 % in the last years in China. Projections suggest that due to the development in e-commerce and globalisation road freight transport will increase significantly in the next few years. As a consequence of…

Air pollution, congestion, traffic accidents – the list of negative effects of the constantly growing volume of vehicle traffic in Beijing is long. Despite several policies that restrict vehicle registration and usage, between 2010 and 2014 alone the number of private passenger cars in the Chinese capital Beijing grew from 4.5 to 5.6 million vehicles. This makes transport also a major contributor to greenhouse gas emissions. But during the same time the vehicle fleet growth rate also lowered from ten to three percent annually demonstrating some first success of urban transport policies in Beijing. One promising approach to reduce emissions is transport demand management (TDM) attempting to control demand through measures to reduce the need to travel by car (avoid) and move car drivers to sustainable modes (shift). It is an integral part of sustainable urban transport strategies and is complementary to better urban planning and clean vehicles. With the…

In the coming years, China will continue to experience a significant growth in its transport sector. Today already 120 million private vehicles are driving on Chinese roads. 35.000 are added on a daily basis. From 2000 to 2013 the freight volume increased from 13.6 to 45 billion tons. Already in 2011 the transport sector in China was responsible for 628 million tons of CO2. A figure that is almost four times higher than Germany’s total greenhouse gas emissions. Unlike most industrialised countries with high motorisation rates, China’s transport related emissions only amount to eight per cent of its overall GHG emissions. This does not only indicate a strong potential for growth but also highlights the global relevance of the Chinese transport sector. The continued growth of a fossil fuels intensive transport sector amplifies challenges in energy security, greenhouse gas emissions and health-affecting pollution. Although fossil fuels dominate the Chinese transport…

On June 30 China submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) that describes the climate change commitments to the climate conference in Paris in December 2015. It also outlines that actions are taken in the transport sector. General Commitment (page 5) “Based on its national circumstances, development stage, sustainable development strategy and international responsibility, China has nationally determined its actions by 2030 as follows: • To achieve the peaking of carbon dioxide emissions around 2030 and making best efforts to peak early; • To lower carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP by 60%to 65% from the 2005 level; • To increase the share of non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption to around 20%; and • To increase the forest stock volume by around 4.5 billion cubic meters on the 2005 level. Actions in the transport sector (page 9): “Controlling Emissions from Transportation Sectors • To develop a green and…

On April 27th 2015, GIZ and the Chinese Ministry of Transport (MoT) jointly launched the “Sino-German Cooperation on Low Carbon Transport” project in Beijing. The project is commissioned under the International Climate Initiative by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB). GIZ and the Transport Management Department of MoT were designated implementation partners. The overall project objective is to support the Chinese national government in improving their capacities to develop strategies and concepts for a sustainable transport development and meeting its environmental, energy and carbon-intensity targets of the next Five Year Plans. The project is divided into three components: 1) Sino-German Political Dialog 2) Urban Transport 3) Freight Transport About 100 participants including guests from MoT, research institutions and provincial and municipal representatives listened to speeches by Prof. Dr. Liu Xiaoming, Director General of Transport Management Department of MoT and Dr. Norbert Salomon,…