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With the Clean Air Action Plan of 2013 Beijing started the discussion on introducing congestion charging to reduce traffic volume, relieve congestion and subsequently transport related air pollution. With the support of GIZ, the Beijing Transportation Research Centre modelled the impact of different congestion charging policy schemes. While Beijing is still discussing the feasibility of congestion charging, few prominent cities around the world have implemented it. Stockholm, London, Singapore, Milan are some of the cities that are currently operating a congestion charging scheme as an economic instrument to reduce congestion and its detrimental effects. Forty years after its first implementation, congestion charging remains a highly underused policy, even if implemented policies have shown to be highly successful. The international experts involved in assessing the congestion charging policy for Beijing have summarised their experience with congestion charging in a policy guide. The guide attempts to address the two main reasons why…

China has experienced a substantial increase in the number of motor vehicles over the past two decades, and this trend is forecasted to continue. This rapid increase is severely alleviating the energy and material resources in China and elsewhere. Vehicle sales increased by 32% to 18.1 million in 2010, topping all previous worldwide records and securing China’s position as the world’s largest auto market (CATARC and CAAM, 2011). The electrification of motor vehicles is considered as an industry revolution to achieve sustainable transportation in China. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) and battery electric vehicles (BEV) are being demonstrated in pilot cities throughout China. The aim of this study is to provide a broad overview of the current status and future prospects of this electrification revolution, summarize the results of relevant environmental impact assessments, and propose recommendations for the most promising scenarios for tackling China’s climate and…

How to finance Sustainable Urban Transport was the main question during the 3-days workshop Prospects for National-Level Programmes and Funds for Sustainable Urban Transport in China. From 1st to 3rd of November 2012  GIZ,  EMBARQ  and SLOCAT in cooperation with CUSTReC jointly conducted this international expert workshop. Download here:  [wpdm_file id=2] [wpdm_file id=5] Interactive discussions showed that funding of sustainable urban transport in China needs to be addressed in a comprehensive manner. Improving the actual funding will need to go hand in hand with institutional reforms at both the national and the local level. Some big cities in China have already started implementing sustainable transport infrastructure schemes as well as sustainable transport related policies and measures. At the same time other (mostly smaller) cities still lack the capacity and financial resources to improve their sustainable transport systems and policies. Therefore, China is facing two important questions in financing urban transport:…

The World Resources Institute (WRI) recently published a forecast of five trends to be expected in China’s Urban Transport in 2013. The rapid change in Chinese cities’ infrastructure is likely to continue. The country’s economy will keep urban development and public transport infrastructure such as metro and bus rapid transit (BRT) growing. Nevertheless more and more Chinese buy a car. The challenges like congestion, air pollution and noise emission of traffic from automobiles, already affecting large cities like Beijing, will  face up to more second-tier cities. According to WRI, the following five trends are awaited: Urban Rail Expansion Battling with Air Pollution Private Car Ban Biking Renaissance Multi-Modal Integration

Conventional transport planning solutions often have effects contradicting transport system efficiency and emission reduction targets. Innovative and effective transport demand management solutions, however, help to achieve multiple planning objectives. Based on the existing knowledge in China about TDM strategies, the aim of this report is to discuss the potential of TDM strategies to contribute to climate change mitigation and identify the most promising options for Chinese cities. To attain that, the report focuses on success factors of international examples of effective policy formulation and implementation (including London, Singapore, New York, Berlin, Seoul and San Francisco among others). “Reducing Carbon Emissions through TDM Strategies”