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The newest issue of our China Transport Sector Policy Briefing is here! The Sustainable Mobility Team at GIZ in China provides you with regular summaries of important policies in China’s transport sector. Inside this issue of the China Transport Sector Policy Briefing Please click here to download China Transport Sector Policy Briefing Issue 4 2019 Significant topics outlined in this issue are the energy consumption of electric vehicles (EVs) and the corporate average fuel consumption. Where the corporate average fuel consumption (CAFC) of China’s domestically produced vehicles was supposed to drop 3.2 liters per 100 km at the turn of the decade, preliminary figures now show that targets may already have been reached in 2018. At the same time, BEV manufacturers achieved particularly noteworthy results. What is more, in March, China introduced a new testing cycle for determining the energy consumption of EVs. The China Automotive Testing Cycle (CATC) was…

The transport sector represents the biggest challenge for climate policy The German government has set the target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 80-95% by 2050 (reference year: 1990). To achieve this requires complete decarbonization, which means largely giving up the burning of fossils. All sectors must contribute to this transition. While many sectors have seen major emissions reductions in recent years, the transport sector, which accounts for almost one-fifth of greenhouse gas emissions, has shown a slight increase (see Figure 1). The major contributor to this rise is road transport due to increases in demand for transport, engine performance and vehicle weight since 1990, offsetting any improvements to efficiency over the same period. The German government’s Climate Action Plan 2050 includes the ambitious medium-term goal of a 40-42% reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in transport sector by 2030. Heated political and juristic discussions are currently underway in German cities…

[Image: Cenitt] Globally, the transport and mobility sector is undergoing a holistic transformation, due to technological innovation, new business models, changing customer demands and political pressure to tackle environmental challenges. One possibly very sustainable development has been the growth of ride- and car-sharing services within the last years. This article provides an overview of the current dynamics of China`s car-sharing market, focusing on B2C business models and on providing an outlook on what the future of mobility may look like. The need for shared mobility in China is high In China, car ownership rate is still very low, e.g. when compared to Germany. In early 2016, the car density in Germany was 552 passenger cars per 1,000 inhabitants, which means that a total of 45.7 million cars rolled on Germany`s roads. In comparison, Chinese roads carried about 163.1 million passenger cars in the same year, which equals a car density of 118 cars per…

Co-authored with Sandra Retzer. Over the past decades, the People’s Republic of China not only underwent rapid urbanization and an impressive socio-economic transformation but also a tremendous de­velopment of its transport infrastructure. Today China has the longest high-speed railway network and has just brought its 350 km/h Fuxing (复兴 – renaissance) bullet train back on line, connecting Beijing and Shanghai (1,300km) with just four and a half hours of travel time. The same impressive de­velopment counts equally for the expansion of China`s high­way, aviation, shipping and public urban transport system. However, along with progress came challenges. Today, the transport sector is also associated with traffic congestion and clogged cities, this accounts for the high shares of carbon emissions and is a significant source of noise and (urban) air pollution with up to 30 percent shares of particulate matters in some of the big cities. The Chinese government is aware of…

In Europe, close cooperation and exchange among cities and countries have a long tradition. Especially in the framework of joint European Union (EU) activities, best practices in sustainable urban mobility are exchanged and innovative ideas spread. Beyond Europe’s borders, transport-related innovations are growing rapidly in developing and emerging countries in the recent years. Not only in mega cities worldwide, decision makers, entrepreneurs and plan­ners are currently testing new approaches to urban mobility – driven by enormous pressures, such as urban sprawl, congestion and air pollution, but also new opportunities related to new digital technologies and rapid economic development. Learning more about their successes as well as potential difficulties may inspire sustainable urban transport develop­ment in Europe and Germany. With the intention to provide a glimpse to the transport innovations of developing and emerging countries and discuss the vision of Tommorow’s Cities in the light of global innovation, the German Environment…

The 3rd Annual Conference of the China EV100 Forum was held from 14th – 15th January 2017 in Beijing. This year’s forum theme was “Upgrade Core Technology, Innovation Leads the Future”. Ministers from different government bodies, decision makers from local governments, think tanks, research institutes and relevant industries discussed the development strategies, policies and the future market development of EVs in China. The main discussion topics can be summarized as follows: Market Development China is the largest EV market in the world with a total fleet of around 1 Million NEVs and 517.000 produced in 2016 (+50% compared to 2015). Experts agree that the market preparation phase is finished and the accelerated irreversible uptake of E-Mobility will now begin. The goal in China is to bring 80 Million NEVs on the streets and with a NEV share of 40% in the new sales by 2030. Technology Development The Chinese government pursues…

China and Germany have a long-standing cooperation on the development of electric vehicles including policies, standardization, demonstration projects, environmental assessments and market development. A number of bilateral cooperation projects are running under the framework of the Sino-German Electric Vehicle Strategic Partnership. The Sustainable Transport Programme of GIZ provides support for this partnership and is currently implementing the Sino-German cooperation projects with Chinese partners from national ministries and research institutes. Beyond that, GIZ established a dialogue platform for cities in China and Germany with the aim of facilitating the exchange and deepening the cooperation between municipalities of the two countries. As the capitals of China and Germany, Beijing and Berlin keep a fruitful relationship as Partner-Cities for 21 years. Both cities announced their willingness to establish a broader cooperation in various topics, among them is the promotion of electric vehicles. The mayor of Berlin, Mr. Wowereit and Vice Mayor of Beijing,…

Learning from international experience in urban transport policy and discussing their relevance for Chinese cities was the main topic of the Urban Transport Development Forum in Beijing. The forum was organised by the Chinese Ministry of Transport, the World Bank and GIZ. The first day on 10th March 2015 focussed on the question how sustainable urban transport policy can be implemented successfully. Dr. Friedemann Kunst (former Head of Transportation Department, Berlin State Senate) presented Berlin’s strategic approach to urban transport planning. He stressed that transport policy in Germany has come a long way: “Since the late 1990s cities in Germany have realised that it is impossible to combine the ideas of a car-friendly city and a city that is attractive and resource-efficient.” The turnaround, with an increase in environmental friendly transport modes was only possible through a participatory planning process that managed to create a unique commitment to sustainable transport…

Car owners all over the world know the frustration that parking can cause, but in China where illegal parking is common this frustration extends to other transport users as cars take over sidewalks, pedestrian squares, bike lanes, and even bus stops. With the number of private vehicles growing from less than 10 million in 2002 to over 88 million in 2012, the number of drivers and demand for good parking spaces continue to grow. In China parking management systems have been unable to keep up, leading to chaotic parking situations which cause congestion, increase air pollution and decrease the economic efficiency of the city. Improving the parking management system is a challenging task that Chinese cities have little experience with and an area where GIZ is able to offer its expertise. Working with Beijing and Shenzhen, GIZ has helped to address the short term need for available parking spaces to…