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Transportation Policy

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The Chinese Spring Festival marks the beginning of a new year in the lunar calendar. It is known as China’s most celebrated holiday and a time for family reunification. The annual peak in travel associated with the lunar new year is the ultimate stress test for China’s transportation system. During chunyun (春运) translated as Spring Festival Transportation, every year up to 3 billion trips are made within a period of about 40 days1 domestically and to international destinations (compared to 116 million Americans traveling during the Christmas and New Year’s holiday in 20192). With passenger volumes rising annually, chunyun is holding on to its title as the world’s most voluminous human migration. This year’s Chinese Spring Festival Travel Rush, however, coincided with a particular challenge as it came at a time when China faced a major public health crisis with severe societal ramifications: The outbreak of the COVID-19 epidemic, caused by the virus SARS-CoV-2, which is thought to have originated in Wuhan, a hub in China’s transport and logistics network, and had reached pandemic proportions only weeks later. In the first days of the Spring Festival 20203 before initial transport restrictions were put in place to stall the spread…

Electro-mobility and New Energy Vehicles (NEV)[1] are important elements of the Chinese government’s strategy to promote climate-friendly and sustainable transport. In particular, the promotion of public transport and the adoption of New Energy Buses play a central role in realizing those ambitions. In recent years, China’s central government and local authorities have launched various support policies to push market development, foster advanced industry chains, create a skilled labor force and to achieve technological breakthroughs and efficiency gains in the field of New Energy Bus technology. Supportive policies include subsidies for purchasing and operating New Energy Buses, as well as tax reductions and other incentives for phasing out and decommissioning buses with conventional combustion engines. By the end of 2019, more than 400,000 New Energy Buses were in operation in China. The share of New Energy Buses in the overall bus market increased from about 1% in 2013 to 55% in…