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Systematic and integrated transport planning is key to achieving low-carbon transport systems in cities. Sustainable Urban Mobility Planning can help cities to overcome institutional barriers by shifting from comprehensive transport planning with a focus on infrastructure towards integrated and climate-friendly mobility planning. On 25 April 2019, GIZ, together with the Institute for Environment and Sustainable Development (IESD), the Yinchuan Development and Reform Commission, the Yinchuan Foreign Affairs Office, and various local government departments, jointly organized a one-day technical workshop in the Chinese city of Yinchuan on the concept of SUMP. The aim of the workshop was to jointly elaborate on how SUMP can contribute to a more sustainable development of Yinchuan’s transport and mobility system and to conduct an in-depth exchange on the status quo of Yinchuan’s transport system and its future development pathway. Yinchuan, a forerunner in innovation and sustainable urban development Yinchuan, the capital of the Ningxia Hui…

With the fast-paced development of the Chinese logistics sector and the booming Chinese freight industry, road   and highway freight volume have been growing 5.9% (to 8.19 billion tonnes) and 10.2% year-on-year respectively. To fully understand the transportation and logistics sector’s environmental and climate impact, systematically calculating, assessing and reporting the carbon footprint of the sector are crucial. The development of sound, comprehensive and accurate calculation tools and practices will greatly contribute to achieving a green and low-carbon transport sector in China and to meeting the country’s commitment of peaking carbon emissions around the year 2030. Aiming at creating a better understanding of the current system for calculating emissions of the Chinese logistics industry, to introduce effective tools and methodologies, and to exchange on best practices from Europe and China, the Smart Freight Forum – Logistics Emission Calculation Tools and Practice was held on 27 March 2019 in Beijing.  The forum…

China has been struggling to meet the growing demands of urban delivery. With urban population continuously growing at about 15 million people per year, 58.52% of Chinese citizens now live in cities (up from 36.22% in 2000). At the same time, consumption spending per capita in China has grown by 25% in just 3 years from RMB 18,487 (about EUR 2,370) in 2013 to 23,079RMB (about EUR 2,960) in 2016. A lot of this increased consumption spending has been driving the fast growth of e-commerce, which saw a 60% annual growth (CAGR) for the past 7 years. These developments have provided a boom for logistics companies in China, which saw their express deliveries rise from 9 billion shipments in 2013 to an estimated 40 billion in 2018. However, this development also provides many challenges to both the traffic in the cities as well as the environment. With numbers of both…

Hydrogen is not only a means of storing energy, but also a valuable resource that can fuel transportation vehicles and can be used in various production processes. As the pioneers in this area, both Hebei Province in China and the state of Brandenburg in Germany hope to develop their new energy economy by establishing a closer cooperation with each other in the hydrogen industry. From 11 to 14 September 2018, a delegation from the state of Brandenburg led by State Premier Dr. Dietmar Woidke visited Hebei Province and hosted the workshop “Hebei-Brandenburg Conference on Renewable Energies and Hydrogen” in the city of Zhangjiakou. Organized by Brandenburg Invest, the workshop offered a platform to present projects and companies working on sustainable energy in China, Germany and worldwide, as well as opportunities to explore potential bilateral cooperation between companies and institutes from both countries. In the opening remarks, Ms. Li Hong, Vice-Mayor…

Cities in China are continuing to suffer from heavy and often slow traffic. According to China Daily, Jinan, Beijing and Harbin are China’s three most congested cities. Jinan traffic, for example, only has an average speed of 21.12 km/h during rush hour. With increased commute times and greenhouse gas emissions, the external costs of traffic congestion are increasing. However, neither the provision of additional road infrastructure nor the development of new car technologies alone can overcome these challenges. Thus, in 2011, the Ministry of Transport (MoT) initiated the Transit Metropolis Programme. Its goal is to promote public transport in cities through better service, more complete infrastructures, efficient management and strong support from local governments. Within that framework, city governments and decision makers have become increasingly interested in how to establish accessible and affordable public transport services and how to create more livable cities. In support of these efforts, GIZ has…

From the emergence of Chinese carsharing services in 2009 until today, more than 330,000 people signed up for a carsharing membership in China – equivalent to almost one third of the total number of carsharing members in Germany, one of the world’s largest carsharing markets. Considering that carsharing in China is still at an embryonic stage, its dynamic development indicates potential for further growth. Nevertheless, public and political awareness of carsharing are still low, its legal conditions are unclear and uncertainties related to the feasibility of large-scale applications remain. In this context the Research Institute of Highway (RIOH) with the support of GIZ carried out a study on the legal conditions for carsharing services in China. The results of the study were presented at the one day workshop “Feasibility of Carsharing Concepts in China: Analysis of the Political and Legal Framework” on 28 January 2016, organised in a round table…

Under participation of Chinese city representatives, researchers and carsharing providers, GIZ organized a workshop on “The Integration of Carsharing in Parking Management in China” on March 9, 2014. The workshop took place prior to the Urban Transport Development Forum at the Chinese Ministry of Transport, where parking management in Chinese cities was one of the focal subjects to be discussed. As parking challenges can heavily differ among different types of carsharing, the workshop participants separated in breakout groups and discussed specific requirements of station-based as well as free-floating carsharing systems. While the carsharing operators outlined their perspective on parking in Chinese cities, it became clear that the missing unification of parking responsibilities as well as poor parking management can have a crucial impact on the feasibility and development of carsharing services. Demand-based pricing of on-street parking and enforcement of illegal parking could help to reduce the parking pressure in cities…

Within the past decade demand for freight and logistic services around Asia has been on a continuous rise. Driven by increasing economic growth and Asia’s ever rising importance as global production hub, this trend does not seem to slow down. This development positively contributes to local and regional economies as well as helps to alleviate poverty in the region. However, this trend also implicates negative side effects. Within the transport sector, freight and logistic services in many Asian countries account for up to 40% of total energy use and contribute equally to local air pollution and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Therefore, a call for greener freight and logistic services in Asia was made and the industry is noticing a rising interest in environmentally sustainable operations. Within this context, the GIZ “Energy Efficiency and Climate Change Mitigation in the Land Transport Sector in the ASEAN Region” project and the Asian Development…

Cities need a reliable and comfortable transport system. As a backbone of economic and social development, mobility of people and goods needs to be environmentally friendly. Today, the transport sector is the fastest growing source of emissions, making low carbon transport development a central concern for a sustainable future worldwide. Hosted by the Ministry of Transport and the National Development and Reform Commission, GIZ and its implementation partner the China Urban Sustainable Transport Research Centre (CUSTReC) organised a 3-day training on sustainable low carbon transport, in which international experts shared and explained their experiences.. It addressed mainly transport department officials of municipalities and gave them a broad introduction in planning an integrated and less carbon intensive transport system. “Agenda Training on Low Carbon Transport” “Introduction into the Trainining on Low Carbon Transport” “Keynote Low Carbon Transport” Covering topics from strategic planning, emission quantification, policy implementation and financing it gave an…

Friday, 29th November 2013 GIZ organised an international exchange workshop between Beijing’s Transport Authorities and international experts on an intended white paper “Opportunities and Challenges for Beijing Transport Development”. The new white paper, issued by Beijing Municipal Committee of Transport (BMCT) is planned to cover the new challenges emerging from the continuous growth of Beijing and the consequently increasing travel demand. During the meeting BTRC gave a presentation about the main challenges addressed in the white paper. The first topic addressed was the road usage rate. Zhou Ling of BTRCs Strategy Department emphasised that Beijing has not only a higher vehicle ownership in its central areas than most other cities worldwide, but also twice as much car kilometres travelled than for example Tokyo. Most striking, 44% of the trips are below 5 kilometres and could therefore be easily replaced by cycling or public transport. That could also relief the cities…