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Carsharing

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Under participation of Chinese city representatives, researchers and carsharing providers, GIZ organized a workshop on “The Integration of Carsharing in Parking Management in China” on March 9, 2014. The workshop took place prior to the Urban Transport Development Forum at the Chinese Ministry of Transport, where parking management in Chinese cities was one of the focal subjects to be discussed. As parking challenges can heavily differ among different types of carsharing, the workshop participants separated in breakout groups and discussed specific requirements of station-based as well as free-floating carsharing systems. While the carsharing operators outlined their perspective on parking in Chinese cities, it became clear that the missing unification of parking responsibilities as well as poor parking management can have a crucial impact on the feasibility and development of carsharing services. Demand-based pricing of on-street parking and enforcement of illegal parking could help to reduce the parking pressure in cities…

After moovel’s announcement at the 2014 Michelin Challenge Bibendum in Chengdu to bring car2go to China, the German mobility service provider and the Chongqing Municipal Government agreed on launching car2go in the Chinese megacity Chongqing. Mr. Roland Keppler, COO of moovel GmbH, and Mr. Dong Jianguo, Vice Secretary General of Chongqing Municipal Government, jointly signed the car2go agreement as a basis for the future cooperation on free-floating carsharing in Chongqing. The signing of the car2go agreement, which took place on 08 January 2015 at the Chongqing Liangjiang New Area Management Center, was endorsed by a keynote speech of GIZ’s Sustainable Transport Programme Director Daniel Bongardt. Participating local authorities from Chongqing included Mr. Ling Yueming, Member of the Standing Committee of Chongqing Municipal Government, as well as representatives of the Chongqing Municipal Committee of Transportation, the Chongqing Municipal Bureau of Public Security and the Chongqing Liangjiang New Area Government. On the…

As experience in Europe and North America shows, many nations adopted carsharing as part of an overall strategy to mitigate the negative impacts of increasing private car ownership and individual transport volume in densely populated urban areas. Professionally organised carsharing services separate car use from vehicle ownership and complement the existing network of public and non-motorised transport modes by offering on-demand, self-service, short-term and pay-per-use access to automobiles. Based on these characteristics, carsharing unleashes the potential to reform automobile usage and to significantly contribute to a shift of mobility patterns towards more efficient and sustainable eco-modes – A change that appears to be a necessity to reduce air pollution and space consumption in Chinese megacities. While the impact of carsharing on urban transport and environment is gaining growing importance on an international scale, carsharing systems in China are still in an initial phase. Since comprehensive large-scale carsharing systems could contribute…

Between September 21st and 28th 2014, the Sino-German Cooperation Project on Electro-Mobility and Climate Protection funded by the German Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety organised a study tour on “Best Practice in E-Carsharing Concepts in Germany and France”. Officials from research institutes under the Ministry of Science and Technology, researchers from universities and Chinese car sharing operators attended the tour, which took place in Berlin, Stuttgart and Paris. In Germany and France, carsharing has been successful in integrating electric vehicles with sustainable urban mobility services and to reduce car ownership as well as vehicle kilometres travelled. The study tour was designed for local practitioners to gain knowledge on the functionality of car sharing, its benefits and the feasibility of e-carsharing systems. The programme provided insights into e-carsharing from a political, scientific as well as corporate perspective, which will help to develop ideas for the implementation…

On the 8th of August, the Research Institute of Highway (RIOH) and GIZ jointly organised a workshop on the feasibility of carsharing concepts in China, which took place in Beijing. The aim of the workshop was to analyse and discuss the legal framework for the development of carsharing in China and to identify hindering as well as facilitating policy fields. Participants included representatives from various provincial and municipal transport authorities across China as well as carsharing operators, such as car2go and EduoAuto. Subsequent to the introduction of carsharing and its development in Germany, RIOH provided an overview of market trends and different carsharing business models. In addition, the research institute presented the interim results of the policy study “Feasibility of Carsharing Concepts in China: Analysis of the Political and Legal Framework”, which aims to assist local practitioners and carsharing operators in recognising and overcoming legal issues that may affect the…

What happens if cars clog the city, if road capacity is insufficient, if congestion is a daily hassle, or air pollution exceeds tolerable levels? Most people would agree that quality of life declines. Only a broad mix of actions, e.g. promoting cycling, giving priority to public transport, or supporting clean vehicles, will alleviate the problem. In Germany, an up and coming approach receives more and more attention: carsharing. More than 700,000 members of carsharing services share cars on a regular basis. Instead of owning a car, they prefer to use (and pay for it) only when needed. GIZ helps promote this new mobility service in China. In 2013, GIZ invited decision makers of the Ministry of Transport, provincial and local transport authorities as well as research institutes to a one-week study tour. The delegation experienced best practice examples of carsharing concepts in Germany and the Netherlands. Furthermore, GIZ organises carsharing…

On behalf of the Ministry of Transport of the People’s Republic of China (MoT), the Chinese Research Institute of Highway (RIOH) prepared a report on the GIZ study tour “Best Practice on Carsharing Concepts in Germany and the Netherlands”. Led by Mr. Xu Wenqiang, Director of the Department of Road Transport at MoT, Chinese municipal and regional authorities attended the study tour that took place between August 25th and 31st 2013 in Berlin, Wolfsburg, Hanover, Bremen and Amsterdam. Besides a comprehensive overview of information and insights from the study tour programme, the report highlights carsharing as a promising option to mitigate private car use and vehicle ownership in densely populated areas, while at the same time meeting citizen’s demand for urban mobility. Moreover, RIOH recognizes the potential of carsharing to accelerate the integration of new energy vehicles in sustainable urban transport, but emphasizes the importance of governmental guidance to promote…