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The transport sector in China needs to start outlining intermediate efforts to play its role in reaching the recently set long-term target: carbon neutrality by 2060 as announced by China’s President Xi Jinping on Tuesday, September 22, 2020 during his speech at the General Debate of the 75th session of the UN General Assembly. In particular, the transport sector plays a key role in achieving the ambitious target of decarbonization. The transport-related carbon emissions in China increased from 397 million tons in 2005 to 1.04 billion tons in 2018[1], accounting for about 10 percent of the country’s total emissions. Emission reduction, ambitious roadmaps and measures in transport are crucial to realizing the target of carbon neutrality, since transport is the only sector where carbon emissions will be most unlikely to peak around 2030. However, China in its Nationally Determined Contributions to the Paris Agreement pledged to have carbon emissions peak…

In order to reduce emissions and to boost industrial upgrading in the transport sector, China Academy of Transport Science (CATS) and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) jointly organized the 2nd International Forum on Zero Emissions of Urban Transport from 28 to 29 May 2018 in Beijing. China has made great efforts to promote New Energy Buses (NEB). In 2017, China introduced more than 100,000 new buses, 93% of which were NEBs. In light of this dynamic development, experts in the sectors of public transport and NEVs reviewed the status quo and relevant subsidy policies during the workshop. The participants also exchanged suggestions on possible policies for the promotion of NEBs. The development of NEBs has reduced the emissions of greenhouse gases dramatically and relieved pressure on the urban environment. Li Cheng, Associate Research Fellow from CATS, illustrated that the promotion of NEBs saved more than 1.3 million tons of diesel…

Development of Electro Mobility in China The development and use of electric buses in China has risen significantly over the past 5 to 10 years, driven by national energy policies to diversify source of energies and to improve urban air quality. As an additional benefit, decision makers also see the opportunity to promote the domestic automotive industry. In the overall electro mobility development, China has become a global forerunner: it is home to the biggest number of pure electric, hybrid, and hydrogen fuel cells new energy vehicles (NEVs) in the world. The annual sales of NEVs has increased by an average of 86.5% from 2009 to 2017. In 2017 alone, 777,000 electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles were sold, topping the world for three consecutive years according to China Association of Automobile Manufacturers (CAAM). The number of recorded new energy vehicles in China is 1.8 million, accounting for over half of…

In Europe, close cooperation and exchange among cities and countries have a long tradition. Especially in the framework of joint European Union (EU) activities, best practices in sustainable urban mobility are exchanged and innovative ideas spread. Beyond Europe’s borders, transport-related innovations are growing rapidly in developing and emerging countries in the recent years. Not only in mega cities worldwide, decision makers, entrepreneurs and plan­ners are currently testing new approaches to urban mobility – driven by enormous pressures, such as urban sprawl, congestion and air pollution, but also new opportunities related to new digital technologies and rapid economic development. Learning more about their successes as well as potential difficulties may inspire sustainable urban transport develop­ment in Europe and Germany. With the intention to provide a glimpse to the transport innovations of developing and emerging countries and discuss the vision of Tommorow’s Cities in the light of global innovation, the German Environment…

Supported by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH and the Shanghai Municipal Transportation Commission, the “New Energy Transportation International Forum”, co-hosted by Shanghai Transportation Trade Association and Shine Consultant, was successfully held in Shanghai on 10th and 11th January 2017. Mobility and transport are the backbone of a country’s society. From a global perspective, the entire transportation sector (passenger and freight transport) is responsible for nearly one quarter of all CO2 emissions. Even though countries such as Germany, for example, achieved significant efficiency improvements in the past (e. g. reduction in CO2 emissions per kilometer of passenger cars), the total greenhouse gas emissions within the sector have barely dropped due to an extensive rise in transport performance. This partially repeals the improvements already achieved in climate and environmental protection and shows that the absolute contribution to climate protection and the proportion of renewable energy use in the transport sector…

The electrification of buses in public transport fleets is gaining more and more attention worldwide. Both, in China and Germany, there are several government programs, pilot projects and R&D activities taking place with the aim to replace conventional buses with electric buses in the most economical and environmentally friendly way. Drivers for electrification of public buses are diverse: The necessary reduction of energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in light of depleting natural resources and climate change; the reduction of air pollutants and noise ascribed to road transport; and the growing availability of market-ready technologies like high-capacity traction batteries, fast-chargers and ultracaps. Accelerating fleet renewal: A new policy by the Chinese Government In November 2015 the Chinese Ministry of Transport, the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology jointly released a new regulation, which obligates local governments and relevant stakeholders to promote the integration of electric…