The promotion of low-carbon and environmentally friendly transport is an important target of China’s development strategy for its transport sector. To reduce vehicle emissions in cities, it is key to develop effective and integrated emission monitoring and to standardize the methodology of emission inventories. In particular, the application of Big Data can help to establish a detailed and reliable real-time emission monitoring. For the integrated development of vehicle emission monitoring, verification and report (MRV) in China, collaboration between relevant stakeholders such as decision-makers on city level, research institutions and the industry as well as capacity development and technical expert exchange is needed. In 2013, the Shenzhen Municipal Transportation Commission and the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) signed a Memorandum of Understanding to support the Southern Chinese city of Shenzhen to alleviate urban traffic congestion and to establish a low-carbon transport system. The project…