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Low Carbon Transport

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In the coming years, China will continue to experience a significant growth in its transport sector. Today already 120 million private vehicles are driving on Chinese roads. 35.000 are added on a daily basis. From 2000 to 2013 the freight volume increased from 13.6 to 45 billion tons. Already in 2011 the transport sector in China was responsible for 628 million tons of CO2. A figure that is almost four times higher than Germany’s total greenhouse gas emissions. Unlike most industrialised countries with high motorisation rates, China’s transport related emissions only amount to eight per cent of its overall GHG emissions. This does not only indicate a strong potential for growth but also highlights the global relevance of the Chinese transport sector. The continued growth of a fossil fuels intensive transport sector amplifies challenges in energy security, greenhouse gas emissions and health-affecting pollution. Although fossil fuels dominate the Chinese transport…

On June 30 China submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) that describes the climate change commitments to the climate conference in Paris in December 2015. It also outlines that actions are taken in the transport sector. General Commitment (page 5) “Based on its national circumstances, development stage, sustainable development strategy and international responsibility, China has nationally determined its actions by 2030 as follows: • To achieve the peaking of carbon dioxide emissions around 2030 and making best efforts to peak early; • To lower carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP by 60%to 65% from the 2005 level; • To increase the share of non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption to around 20%; and • To increase the forest stock volume by around 4.5 billion cubic meters on the 2005 level. Actions in the transport sector (page 9): “Controlling Emissions from Transportation Sectors • To develop a green and…

On April 27th 2015, GIZ and the Chinese Ministry of Transport (MoT) jointly launched the “Sino-German Cooperation on Low Carbon Transport” project in Beijing. The project is commissioned under the International Climate Initiative by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB). GIZ and the Transport Management Department of MoT were designated implementation partners. The overall project objective is to support the Chinese national government in improving their capacities to develop strategies and concepts for a sustainable transport development and meeting its environmental, energy and carbon-intensity targets of the next Five Year Plans. The project is divided into three components: 1) Sino-German Political Dialog 2) Urban Transport 3) Freight Transport About 100 participants including guests from MoT, research institutions and provincial and municipal representatives listened to speeches by Prof. Dr. Liu Xiaoming, Director General of Transport Management Department of MoT and Dr. Norbert Salomon,…