Category

Urban Transport

Category

China’s economic growth and urbanisation over the past three decades have lifted millions out of poverty and improved the choices and wellbeing of many. At the same time, these processes have led to a massive increase in transport volume, making air pollution, congestion, traffic accidents and noise nuisance sad characteristics of Chinese metropolises that affect the newly gained quality of life. In addition, much of the growth in transport GHG emissions is generated in cities and urban growth is bound to continue for the next decades to come. Reducing GHG emissions from urban transport is therefore a necessity for sustainable development not only in Chinese cities but in the whole country and the world.

When the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic became an international challenge at the beginning of March 2020, we very quickly realized that the impact on the transport sector would be enormous. Not only that the transport sector is one of the transmission vectors, but also that with the social and economic constraints, it became clear that transport demand would decrease and that transport services would have to be adapted to the conditions of the emergency. The result of our early observations and analysis is an initial summary – it traces, documents and provides initial orientation. It documents the period early of March to early May 2020, i.e. the phase in which the COVID-19 crisis took on a global character. The paper concentrates on urban mobility, looks at the COVID-19 crisis itself, measures taken by cities and the respective potential effects. It does not claim to be exhaustive or balanced, but…