Category

Urban Transport

Category

China’s economic growth and urbanisation over the past three decades have lifted millions out of poverty and improved the choices and wellbeing of many. At the same time, these processes have led to a massive increase in transport volume, making air pollution, congestion, traffic accidents and noise nuisance sad characteristics of Chinese metropolises that affect the newly gained quality of life. In addition, much of the growth in transport GHG emissions is generated in cities and urban growth is bound to continue for the next decades to come. Reducing GHG emissions from urban transport is therefore a necessity for sustainable development not only in Chinese cities but in the whole country and the world.

China, with a total of 10.5 Gt of CO2 in 2018, is the world’s biggest emitter of greenhouse gases (GHG)[1]. Transport accounts for about 11 percent of those emissions and in particular road transport poses a big challenge to the people: The number of vehicles on China’s roads has increased from 27 million vehicles in 2004 to 240 million vehicles in 2018. The country’s road network is already approaching the limit of its capacity and continuing rapid urbanization and the further growing motorization in cities come along with significant increase in traffic volume and greenhouse gas emissions, congestion, air pollution, traffic accidents as well as related economic losses and overall reduced life quality. The COVID-19 epidemic has so far accelerated this development and led to decreasing shares of public transport, growing car ownership and shares of trips with the private car. In particular the promotion of biking and walking as…